What is gum disease?
Gum disease, also referred to as gingivitis, occurs when there is inflammation of the tissue surrounding the teeth. Furthermore, it is most commonly caused by poor dental hygiene and its common issue can vary tremendously in severity.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
First of all, there are a number of possible indicators that you might have gum disease, whether gingivitis or more advanced periodontitis. These symptoms include:
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen, inflamed gums
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Bad breath
- Pus coming from the gums
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease or gingivitis is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene, that results in bacteria to build up on the teeth and infect the gums. There are also other factors that can increase your risk of developing gingivitis, some of the factors include:
- Smoking that prevents gums from healing.
- Crooked or overlapping teeth that allow for more areas where plaque can hide.
- Stress reduces the body’s immune response to bacteria.
- Cancer treatment can cause the body to be more susceptible to infection and increase the risk of gum disease.
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty or menopause, which causes the blood vessels in the gums to be more susceptible to bacteria.
- A diet high in sugar and carbohydrates can increase the risk of plaque.
- Certain medications can increase the risk of gum disease.
How to prevent gum disease?
- Make regular visits to your dentist for a dental health check where your gums will be screened for signs of gum disease.
- Similarly, regular appointments with your hygienist for a professional clean to remove any tarter and advise you on how you can maintain high standards at home.
- Brush and clean in between your teeth twice daily to remove plaque from the surfaces of your teeth.
- Reduce your risk by addressing factors such as smoking and controlling diabetes.
If you have any questions about gum disease or about our gum treatments, please contact our practice in Didsbury today to speak with any of our friendly and professional team on 0161 445 2397.
Parkfield Dental practice has a large patient list covering all South Manchester including; Hale, Bowden, Heaton Mersey, Heaton Moor, Cheadle Hulme and Gatley.